Production Orientation of Mykolayiv according to the Historical and Local Lore Accents
The paper deals with a historiographic analysis of a wide range of works, which show the history of formation and development of Mykolayiv as a center of shipbuilding. The problematic-chronological principles of the statement of the material allow the author to draw attention to the historiographic works of the researchers of the second half of the 19th – beginning of the 21st cent.
In order to expand the scientific background, there is an appeal to the works of the researchers who had no direct links with Mykolayiv. However, in their work, the production orientation of the city is clarified and a certain source basis for Mykolayiv local lore researches is created. The focus is on the works where the production activity of certain shipyards became a priority.
Researchers of the second half of the 19th – early 20th cent. F. Veselago, P. Belavenets, S. Ogorodnikov, E. Arens in their works initiated the problem-methodological principles of presenting of the material on the history of shipbuilding, which allow elaborating certain stages of the development of the industry in Mykolayiv.
A separate part of the paper represents the works of the local lore researches of the Soviet period. Attention is paid to the main goal of the study, that is, the efficiency of the shipyards in the building of a military fleet. The works of A. Zhuravel, R. Kats, O. Zlatopolska, A. Smirnov, V. Guiwan, P. Vyborny, L. Kucherenko, A. Malyarchuk, devoted to the history of establishing and developing of certain shipbuilding plants are analyzed.
A comprehensive analysis of the research results of contemporary local lore researchers gave the author the opportunity to elicit the works of the most prolific researchers in whose works on the certain stages of the city development, both generalization, and distinction of the peculiarities of the development of the shipyards occurred.
The materials given by local lore researches allow asserting that Mykolayiv enterprises had the whole complex of material, technical and personnel backgrounds for the creation of unique vessels.