Khadjibey and Adjacent Coast of the Black Sea during the First Russo-Turkish War

  • Igor Sapozhnikov Department of the Crimea and the North-Western Black Sea Region, Institute of Archaeology National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3889-6714
Keywords: Khadjibey, North-West Black Sea region, Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774, raids of the Zaporozhian Cossacks, the capture of the Khadjibey castle, Danube flotilla, nautical charts

Abstract

The history of the town and the port of Khadjibey (Hadjibey) on the Black Sea coast during the so-called First Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774 is more or less described in already published sources. The most famous events of that period were two unsuccessful assaults of the Ottoman castle by the Zaporozhian Cossacks along with the regular Russian troops in 1769 and 1770, as well as two episodes in 1774: the Turkish attempt to recapture the castle and the appearing of a significant amount of lake salt in the adjacent estuaries.

The most disputable is the date of capturing of the Khadjibey castle by the Russian troops, which some scholars dated 1774. The analysis of the available information allows the author to specify that this happened from the middle of May to the beginning of September 1771, but most likely during the coming of the first part of the Zaporozhian flotilla of Yakiv Shydlovsky between May 17 and 21, 1771. Particularly interesting and promising for the research is the period of truce between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Porte from May 1772 to the end of February 1773. It was then that the ships of the Danube Military Flotilla intensified hydrographic surveys of the coastal zone of the North-West Black Sea region from the mouths of the Danube to Ochakiv, the materials of which formed the basis for a series of nautical charts and topographic maps.

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Published
01.07.2019
How to Cite
Sapozhnikov, I. (2019). Khadjibey and Adjacent Coast of the Black Sea during the First Russo-Turkish War. EMINAK: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (2(26), 28-34. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2019.2(26).286
Section
History of Ukraine