Orthodox Churches of Southern Ukraine of the second half of the 18th century outside the Russian Empire

Keywords: church, Southern Ukraine, Orthodoxy, Crimean Khanate, Ottoman Empire

Abstract

The paper studies the Orthodox Church network of Southern Ukraine lands, which in the second half of the 18th century were a part of the Crimean Khanate and the Ottoman Empire. The specificity of the situation with the Orthodox church building on the territory of the Crimean Khanate was conditioned by the fact that the Sultan firmans, which were signed before entering the position of the metropolitan of Gothic and Kaffa eparchies, specifically confirmed the prohibition of building non-Muslim religious buildings. Therefore, the members of the Orthodox Church had to meet their religious needs in those churches that were built in the Crimea during the Middle Ages. The leaving of the members of Orthodox Church with the subsequent formation of Gothic and Kaffa eparchies in Northern Azov Sea region caused not only the liquidation of the eparchy in the Crimea but struck a noticeable blow to the network of Orthodox churches of the peninsula which had lost most of their parishioners. Speaking about the churches of the Southern Ukraine region, which in the last quarter of the 18th century operated outside the Russian Empire, one should keep in mind the land of the so-called «Khanate Ukraine», which since 1779, that is, after the signing of the Treaty of Aynal Kavak, were no longer a part of the Crimean Khanate, but directly the Ottoman Empire, and were there until the signing of the Treaty of Jassy. Orthodox churches, which were built outside the Russian Empire, at the end of the 18th century, did not form a numerically determining segment of the temple network of Southern Ukraine.

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Published
01.07.2019
How to Cite
Koval, O. (2019). Orthodox Churches of Southern Ukraine of the second half of the 18th century outside the Russian Empire. EMINAK: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (2(26), 35-42. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2019.2(26).289
Section
History of Ukraine