Legislative Regulation and Control Mechanisms of the Public Associations of Ukraine Activities by Bilshovyk Authorities in the first half of the 1920s

Keywords: public associations, totalitarian system, Soviet power, legislation, Ukrainian SSR

Abstract

The key factors of establishing the Bilshovyk monopoly in the social and public sphere are analyzed. The role of state power and punitive institutions in establishing the absolute rule of Party members in the public sphere is clarified. As a result, the legal dependence of public organizations was determined by the solely licencing system for their creation and activities. The attention is focused on the policy of subordinating public organizations to the Bilshovyk authorities, which was aimed at strengthening the influence on the society and control of the behavior of even its individual members.

The mechanisms of legal regulation of the non-state social sector are shown. Their key factor was that almost all legislative and regulatory norms, including those related to regulating the Ukrainian SSR public associations activities, were based on the decisions of the central organs of Soviet power, initially the Russian Federation, and then the USSR. The automatic introduction of all-Russian norms into Ukrainian legislation was a conventional phenomenon. Thus, the monopoly of the ruling All-Russian Communist Party in all spheres of life of other republics and integrating socio-political organizations directly into the system of Soviet state power was legally secured.

It is proved that the main objective of the established legislative norms in the field of public associations functioning was the exercise by the ruling regime of control over their activities, and the involvement of their representatives in the formation of the Soviet state apparatus.

References

Bilynskyi, A. (1969). Hromadski orhanizatsii v SRSR [Public organizations in the USSR]. Miunkhen–Chikaho: Ukrainskyi Publitsystychno-Naukovyi Instytut [in Ukrainian].

Zhurba, M. (2002). Etnonatsionalni ta mizhnarodni aspekty diialnosti hromadskykh obednan ukrainskoho sela (20-30 rr. XX st.) [Ethnonational and international aspects of the activity of public associations of Ukrainian village (20-30 years of the XX century)]. Kyiv: Naukovyi svit [in Ukrainian].

Ilina, I. (2000). Obshhestvennye organizacii Rossii v 1920-e gody [Public organizations of Russia in the 1920s]. Moscow: Institut rossiiskoi istorii RAN [in Russian].

Kulchytskyi, S. (1996). Komunizm v Ukraini: pershe desiatyrichchia (1919-1928 rr.) [Communism in Ukraine: the first decade (1919-1928)]. Kyiv: Osnovy [in Ukrainian].

Chentsov, V. (2000). Politychni represii v Radianskii Ukraini v 20-ti roky. [Political repressions in Soviet Ukraine in the 20’s]. Ternopil: Zbruch [in Ukrainian].

Published
01.07.2019
How to Cite
Nikolaev, I. (2019). Legislative Regulation and Control Mechanisms of the Public Associations of Ukraine Activities by Bilshovyk Authorities in the first half of the 1920s. EMINAK: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (2(26), 76-82. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2019.2(26).293
Section
History of Ukraine