Some Aspects of the State of Agriculture in the South of Ukraine in the 60s of the 20th century

Keywords: collective farms, state farms, mechanization, electrification, patronage assistance, socialist emulations


The paper uncovers certain aspects of the development of agriculture in the South of the USSR in the 1960s, namely in Mykolaiv, Odesa and Kherson Regions. The development of the agrarian sector is studied in the context of reforming the collective farms and transforming them into state farms. Based on the sources, the dynamics of reduction of their number in Mykolaiv, Odesa and Kherson Regions is presented. The attempts to improve the work in agriculture, with the assistance of such phenomena as patronage assistance and socialist emulations, are analyzed. Positive and negative effects of the above-mentioned phenomena are shown, for example, the use of citizens from other fields of the national economy, caused the partial loss of the harvest, and the fact that urban specialists were engaged in unskilled work. Not economic forms that artificially created the rush on so-called socialist emulations between state enterprises and individuals were applied.

The author, relying on the declared directive plans and the results of reforms, compares the dynamics of electrification and mechanization of production in the period of 1960-1970. The task of providing electricity to the countryside in order to save human resources is researched. The issues of increasing the percentage of mechanization of works on livestock farms, in collective farms and state farms are highlighted. The statistical indicators of mechanization of most processes in agriculture are given. An increase in the number of farming machines and major types of machinery is considered. Some shortcomings and faults made in the planning of agricultural machinery production are revealed.


Baran, V.K. (2003). Ukraina: novitnia istoriia (1945-1991 rr.) [Ukraine: The Newest History (1945-1991)]. Lviv: Instytut ukrainoznavstva im. I. Krypiakevycha NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].

Bezzub, V. (1974). Ekonomichni problemy rozvytku silskoho hospodarstva URSR na suchasnomu etapi [Economic problems of agricultural development of the Ukrainian SSR at the present stage]. Kyiv: Politvydav [in Ukrainian].

Breheda, M.V. (2010). Stanovlennia naselennia nyzhniodunaiskoho rehionu do protsesu destalinizatsii (1953-1964) [The formation of the population of the Lower Danube region to the process of de-Stalinization (1953-1964)]. Naukovi pratsi. Seriia «Istorychni nauky», 127 (140), 53-59 [in Ukrainian].

Berenshtein, L.Yu. (1963). Komunisty v borotbi za neukhylne pidnesennia silskoho hospodarstva (1953-1963 rr) [Communists in the struggle for the steady rise of agriculture (1953-1963)]. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal, 5, 65-71 [in Ukrainian].

Boiko, O.D. (1994). Istoriia Ukrainy u XX stolitti (20-90-ti roky) [History of Ukraine in the XX century (20-90-ies)]. Nizhyn [in Ukrainian].

Buzdalov, I.N. (1965). Materialnoe stimulirovanie i podiem kolkhoznogo proizvodstva [Material stimulation and raising of collective-farm production]. Moskva: Kolos [in Russian].

Buzdalov, I.N. (1966). Ekonomicheskaia effektivnost intensifikatsii selskokhoziaistvennogo proizvodstva [The economic efficiency of the intensification of agricultural production]. Moskva: Kolos [in Russian].

Danylenko, V.M. (2006). Ukrainske selo v dobu reform M. Khrushchova [Ukrainian village in the era of reforms of M. Khrushchev]. In Istoria Ukrainskoho selianstva. Vol. 2. Kyiv: Naukova dumka (pp. 411-476) [in Ukrainian].

Dereviankin, T.I. (2009). Vidrodzhennia i sproby perebudovy radianskoi ekonomiky u pisliavoennyi period (1946-1991 rr.) [Revival and attempts at restructuring the Soviet economy in the post-war period (1946-1991)]. Aktualni problemy ekonomiky: naukovyi ekonomichnyi zhurnal, 7, 3-14 [in Ukrainian].

Istoriia narodnoho hospodarstva Ukrainskoi RSR (1985-1987) [History of the national economy of the Ukrainian SSR]. T. 3, Ch. 1-2. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].

Istoriia robitnychoho klasu Ukrainskoi RSR (1967) [The history of the working class of the Ukrainian SSR]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].

Istoriia mist i sil Ukrainskoi RSR. Khersonska oblast (1971) [History of cities and villages of the Ukrainian SSR. Kherson region]. Kyiv: Holovna redaktsiia URE AN URSR [in Ukrainian].

Istoriia mist i sil Ukrainskoi RSR. Mykolaivska oblast (1971) [History of cities and villages of the Ukrainian SSR. Mykolaiv region]. Kyiv: Holovna redaktsiia URE AN URSR [in Ukrainian].

Istoriia mist i sil Ukrainskoi RSR. Odeska oblast (1969) [History of cities and villages of the Ukrainian SSR. Odessa region]. Kyiv: Holovna redaktsiia URE AN URSR [in Ukrainian].

Kompaniiets, I.I. (ed.) (1967). Istoriia selianstva Ukrainskoi RSR. T. 2: Vid Velykoho Zhovtnia do nashykh dniv [History of the peasantry of the Ukrainian SSR. T. 2: From Great October to the present]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].

Kostyk, P.S. (1980). U borotbi za tekhnichne osnashchennia silskoho hospodarstva: (Diialnist Kompartii Ukrainy po stvorenniu i dalshomu rozvytku materialno-tekhnichnoi bazy silskoho hospodarstva pivdennykh oblastei URSR, 1939-1975 rr.) [In the struggle for the technical equipment of agriculture: (Activities of the Communist Party of Ukraine for the establishment and further development of the material and technical base of agriculture of the southern regions of the USSR, 1939-1975)]. Lviv: Vyshcha shkola [in Ukrainian].

Kovalchuk, V.M. (2008). Istoria ekonomiky ta ekonomichnoi dumky [History of Economics and Economic Thought]. Kyiv: Znannia [in Ukrainian].

Kulchytskyi, S.V. (1998). Sproby reform (1956-1964) [Attempts for reform (1956-1964)]. Ukrainskyi istorychnyi zhurnal, 2, 102-114 [in Ukrainian].

Lytvyn, V.M. (2004). Ukraina u druhomu povoennomu desiatylitti (1956-1965) [Ukraine in the second post-war decade (1956-1965)]. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Pliaskov, L.A. (1989). Nash chernomorskii 1897-1987 [Our chernomorskii 1897-1987]. Moskva: Mysl [in Russian].

Rudenko, M.D. (1978). Ekonomichni monolohy: (narysy katastrofichnoi pomylky) [Economic monologues: (essays of catastrophic mistake)]. N.d.: Suchasnist [in Ukrainian].

Zavalniuk, O.M. (2004). Novitnia ahrarna istoria Ukrainy [The Newest Agrarian History of Ukraine]. Kamianets-Podilskyi: Abetka-NOVA [in Ukrainian].

How to Cite
SharinO. (2019). Some Aspects of the State of Agriculture in the South of Ukraine in the 60s of the 20th century. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (2(26), 97-106.
History of Ukraine