Водозбірна цистерна елліністичного часу з поселення Віліно (Розсадне) - як поховальна споруда пізньоскіфської культури

Ключові слова: водозбірна цистерна, похоронна споруда, архітектура

Анотація

У статті охарактеризовано водозбірну цистерну з поселення Віліно (Розсадне) з Південно-Західного Криму. Споруда використовувалася під час функціонування садиби – з кінця IV – до початку III ст. до н.е. Поселення входило до складу хори Херсонеса. У кінці II – початку I ст. до н.е. на поселенні з’являється населення пізньоскіфської культури. З цього часу і до кінця II ст. н.е. – а можливо до першої половини III ст. н.е., об’єкт використовується як похоронна споруда.

У цистерні виявлені останки близько 30-ти кістяків, а також фрагменти інвентарю характерного для пізньоскіфської культури Передгірного Криму. Пізніше воно було пограбовано, а після використовувалося як підвальне приміщення.

 

Посилання

Abramov, A.P. (1993). Antichnye amfory. Periodizatsiia i khronologiia [Antique amphoras. Periodization and chronology]. Bosporskii sbornik, 3, 4-135 [in Russian].

Abramova, M.P. (1993). Tsentralnoe Predkavkaze v sarmatskoe vremia III v. do n.e. – IV v. n.e. [Central Ciscaucasia in Sarmatian time (III century BC – IV century AD)]. Moskva [in Russian].

Alekseeva, E.M. (1975). Antichnye busy Severnogo Prichernomoria [Antique beads of the Northern Black Sea region]. Moskva: Nauka (Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov, G1-12) [in Russian].

Alekseeva, E.M. (1978). Antichnye busy Severnogo Prichernomoria [Antique beads of the Northern Black Sea region]. Moskva: Nauka (Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov, G1-12) [in Russian].

Alekseeva, E.M. (1982). Antichnye busy Severnogo Prichernomoria [Antique beads of the Northern Black Sea region]. Moskva: Nauka (Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov, G1-12) [in Russian].

Angelakis, A.N. (2013). Evolution of rainwater harvesting and use in Grette hellas through the millennia. In: Proceedings of the 13 international Conference on Environmental Science and Technology. 5-7 September. Athens, Greece [in English].

Antoniou, G, Xarchakou, R, Angelakis, A.N. (2006). Water Cistern Systems in Greece from Minoan to Hellenistic Period. In: IWA 1st International Symposium on Water and Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilizations. 28-30 October (457-462). Iraklio, Greece [in English].

Belov, G,D. (1948). Khersones Tavricheskii: istoriko-arkheologicheskii ocherk [Tauric Chersonesos: a historical and archaeological essay]. Leningrad: Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh [in Russian].

Bernatski, A.B. & Klenina, E.Yu. (Ed.). (2006). Topografiia Khersonesa Tavricheskogo. Vodosbornaia tsisterna zhilogo doma v kvartale VII (IX-XI vv.). [Topography of Tauric Chersonesos. Water collection tank of a residential building in quarter VII (IX-XI centuries)]. Khersonesskii sbornik (Sevastopol), 1 [in Russian].

Buiskikh, S.B. (2012). Seraia goncharnaia keramika Bospora (popytka osmysleniia na fone Severnogo Prichernomoria) [Gray pottery ceramics of Bosporus (an attempt to make sense against the background of the Northern Black Sea region)]. Bosporskie issledovaniia, 26, 22-58 [in Russian].

Bylkova, V.P. (2006). Rannie postroiki Belozerskogo poseleniia [Early constructions of Belozersky settlement]. In: Kushnir V.G. (Ed.). Drevnee Prichernomore. Sbornik statei posviashchennykh 85-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia professora P.O. Karyshkovskogo (pp. 33-39). Odessa [in Russian].

Crouch, D.P. (1990). Planning water management for an ancient Greek city. In: Hydrological Processes and Water Management in Urban Antes (Proceedings of the Duisberg Symposium. April 1988). IAHS Publ. [in English].

Dashevskaia, O.D. (1958). Lepnaia keramika Neapolia i drugikh skifskikh gorodishch Kryma [Stoneware ceramics of Naples and other Scythian ancient settlements of Crimea]. Materialy instituta arkheologii, 64, 248-271 [in Russian].

Dashevskaia, O.D. (1980). O skifskikh kurilnitsakh [About Scythian incense burners]. Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 1, 18-29 [in Russian].

Dashevskaia, O.D. (1991). Pozdnie skify v Krymu [Late Scythians in Crimea]. Moskva: Nauka (Svod akheologicheskikh istochnikov. D1-7) [in Russian].

Danilchenko, S,A. (2013). Stolovaia keramika iz raskopok Nimfeia (2008-2012) [Dining ceramics from the excavation of Nymphea (2008-2012)]. In: Bosporskii fenomen. Greki i varvary na Evraziisom perekrestke. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii (pp. 161-166). Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].

Edwards, G.R. (1975). Corinthian Hellenistic Pottery. Corinth. Princeton. New Jersey [in English].

Egorova, T.N. (2009). Chernolakovaia keramika IV-II vv. do n.e. s pamiatnikov Severo-Zapadnogo Kryma [Black-lacquered ceramics IV-II cent. BC. from the monuments of the North-Western Crimea]. Moskva: Moskovskii gosudarstvennyi universitet [in Russian].

Egorova, T.N. (2014). Novaia ranneellinisticheskaia usadba na gorodishche Chaika i ee mesto v strukture poseleniia [The New Early Hellenistic Farmstead on «Chaika» Settlement and Its Place in Its Structure]. Stratum plus, 3, 303-323 [in Russian].

Egorova, T.N. (2015). Chernolakovaia keramika V-IV vv. do n.e. s procherchennym shtampovannym ornamentom iz raskopok Pantikapeia [Black-lacquered ceramics of the 5th – 4th centuries. BC with a drawn stamped ornament from the excavation of Pantikapaion]. In: Gabelko, O.L. (ed.). S Mitridata duet veter Bospor i Prichernomore v antichnosti. K 70-ti letiyu V.P. Tolstikova (pp. 63-67). Moskva: Universitet Dmitriia Pozharskogo [in Russian].

Finkielsztejn, G. (2001). Chronologie detaillee et revise des eponymes amphoriqes rhodiens, de 270 a 108 av. J.-C. environ. Preier bilan. Bar International Series, 990 [in French].

Grakov, B.N. (1928). Drevne-grecheskie keramicheskie kleima s imenami astinomov [Ancient Greek ceramic stigma with the names of astinomes]. Moskva: RANION [in Russian].

Gushchina, I.I. & Zasetskaia, I.P. (1994). Zolotoe kladbishche rimskoi epokhi v Prikubane [«Golden Cemetery» of the Roman era in Prikubanye]. Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].

Hallcström, K. (2018). Fibeln und Febeltracht der Sarmatischen Zeit im Nordshwarzmeergebiet. (2 jn.v. Chr. – 3jh. n. Chr.). Archȁoljgie in evrasien. Bonn: Hablt-Verlag [in German].

Katiushin, E.A. (1993). Sklep pervykh vekov n e iz sela Lgovskoe [Cry of the first centuries n.e from the village of Lgovsky]. Materialy po arkheologii, istorii i etnografii Tavriki, III, 14-16 [in Russian].

Kats, V.I. (2007). Grecheskie keramicheskie kleima epokhi klassiki ellinizma opyt kompleksnogo izucheniia [Greek ceramic stigmas of the Hellenistic classic era (experience of complex study)]. Bosporskie issledovaniia, 18 [in Russian].

Khairedinova, E.A. (1995). Busy iz mogilnika Druzhnoe [Beads from Druzhnoe burial ground]. Problemy arkheologii drevnego i srednevekovogo Kryma (Simferopol), 59-87 [in Russian].

Khrapunov, I.N. (2002). Mogilnik Druzhnoe (III-IV v. nashei ery) [Burial Druzhny (III-IV century AD)]. Lublin: Uniwersytety Marii Curie-Sklodovskiej [in Russian].

Klinsburg, P. & Finné, M. (2018). Modelling the freshwater supply of cisterns in ancient Greece. Water History, 2-3, 113-131. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12685-017-0209-y [in English].

Koltukhov, S.H., Zubar, V.M. & Myts, V.L. (1992). Novyi raion khory Khersonesa ellinistychnoho period [The new district of choirs of Chersonesos of the Hellenistic period]. Arkheolohiia, 2, 85-95 [in Ukrainian].

Kropotov, V.V. (2010). Fibuly sarmatskoi epokhi [Fibulae Sarmatian era]. Kiev: Adef-Ukraina [in Russian].

Kropotov, V.V. & Leskov A,M. (2006). Kurgan s kollektivnym pogrebeniem u s Krinichki po materialam rabot 1957 god [Mound with a «collective burial» at with. Krinichki (based on the works of 1957)]. Kultura narodov Prichernomoria, 84, 25-39 [in Russian].

Kryzhitskii, S.D. (1971). Zhilye ansambli drevnei Olvii IV-II vv. n.e. [Residential ensembles of ancient Olbia IV-II centuries AD]. Kiev: Naukova dumka [in Russian].

Kryzhitskii, S.D. (1993). Arkhitektura antichnykh gorodov Severnogo Prichernomoria [The architecture of the ancient cities of the Northern Black Sea]. Kiev: Naukova dumka [in Russian].

Kuzishchin, V.I. & Ivanchik, A.I. (1998). «Usadba Basilidov» v okrestnostiakh KHersonesa Tavricheskogo (Rezultaty rabot KHersonesskoi istoriko-arkheologicheskoi ekspeditsii istoricheskogo fakulteta MGU v 1976-1987 gg.) [«Basilides Manor» in the vicinity of Tauric Chersonesos. (Results of the work of the Chersonesus Historical and Archaeological Expedition of the Faculty of History of the Moscow State University in 1976-1987)]. Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1, 205-233 [in Russian].

Lantsov, S.B. (2004). P.N. Shults v izuchenii antichnykh pamiatnikov Severo-Zapadnogo Kryma Problema opredeleniia granits Khersonesskogo gosudarstva v IV-II vv. do n.e. [Schultz in the study of ancient monuments of the North-Western Crimea. The problem of determining the boundaries of the Chersonesus in the IV-II centuries BC]. In: U Ponta Evksinskogo (pamiati P.N. Shultsa) (pp. 58-68). Simferopol [in Russian]

Levi, E.I. (1954). K voprosu ob Olviiskoi agore [To the question of the Olbia Agora]. Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 21, 319-342 [in Russian].

Meliukova, A.I. (1958). Pamiatniki skifskogo vremeni lesostepnogo Srednego Podnestrovia [Monuments of the Scythian time of the forest-steppe Middle Dniester]. Materialy instituta arkheologii, 64, 5-102 [in Russian].

Mikhlin, B.Yu. & Biriukov, A.S. (1983). Sklep s ustupchatym perekrytiem v nekropole Kerkinitidy [Crypt with a stepped ceiling in the necropolis of Kerkinitida]. Naselenie Kryma i kultura v pervye veka n.e. (pp. 28-45). Kiev: Naukova dumka [in Russian].

Monakhov, S.Yu. (1989). Amfory Khersonesa Tavricheskogo IV-II vv. do n.e. Opyt sistemnogo analiza [Amphoras of Chersonesos of the Tauric IV-II cc. BC. Experience system analysis]. Saratov: Izdatelstvo Saratovskogo universiteta [in Russian].

Monakhov, S.Yu. (2003). Grecheskie amfory v Prichernomore. Tipologiia amfor vedushchikh tsentrov-eksporterov v keramicheskoi tare [Greek amphoras in the Black Sea region: typology of amphoras of the leading centers exporting goods in ceramic containers]. Moskva, Saratov: Kimmerida Izdatelstvo Saratovskogo universiteta [in Russian].

Pogrebova, N.N. (1958). Pozdneskifskie gorodishcha na Dnepre (Gorodishche Znamenskoe i Gavrilovskoe) [Late Scythian settlements on the Dnieper (Znamenskoe and Gavrilovskoye Settlement)]. Materialy instituta arkheologii, 64, 103-247 [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E. (2007). Krymskaia Skifiia II v. do n.e. – II v. n.e. Pogrebalnye pamiatniki [Crimean Scythia in II century BC – II century AD. Funerary monuments]. Simferopol: Biznes-Inform [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E., Medvedev, G.V., Solomonenko, A.E. & Trufanov, A.A. (2009). Okhrannye issledovaniia Alminskoi ekspeditsii v 2008 g. [Protection’s researches investigations of the Alma expedition in 2008]. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2008, 248-250 [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E., Medvedev, G.V. & Liashuk, P.M. (2010). Okhrannye issledovaniia na gorodishche Vilino v 2009 g. [Protection’s researches at Vilino site in 2009]. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2009, 355-356 [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E., Trufanov, A.A. & Medvedev, G.V. (2010). Kamennyi podkurgannyi sklep s kollektivnymi zakhoroneniiami u s Brianskoe v Yugo-Zapadnom Krymu [Stone undermound’s crypt with «collective» burials in with Brianskoe in the South-Western Crimea]. Arkheologicheskii almanakh, 22, 119-206 [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E., Medvedev, G.V. & Liashuk, P.M. (2011). Okhrannye issledovaniia na gorodishche Vilino (Rassadnoe) [Protection’s researches on the site of Vilino (Rassadnoye)]. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2010, 281-282 [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E., Medvedev, G.V. & Liashuk, P.M. (2012). Okhrannye issledovaniia na gorodishche Vilino (Rassadnoe) [Protection’s researches on the site of Vilino (Rassadnoye)]. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2011, 104-105 [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E., Liashuk, P.M., Masiuta, D.A. & Medvedev, G.V. (2013). Okhrannye issledovaniia na gorodishche Vilino (Rassadnoe) [Protection’s researches on the site of Vilino (Rassadnoye)]. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2012, 80-81 [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E., Medvedev, G.V., Liashuk, P.M. & Masiuta, D.A. (2014). Okhrannye issledovaniia na gorodishche Vilino Rassadnoe [Protection’s researches on the site of Vilino (Rassadnoe)]. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2013, 71-72 [in Russian].

Puzdrovskii, A.E. & Trufanov, A.A. (2016). Polevye issledovaniia Ust-Alminskogo nekropolia v 2008-2014 gg. Ust-Alminskoe gorodishche i nekropol v Yugo-Zapadnom Krymu [Field studies of the Ust-Alminsky necropolis in 2008-2014. Ust-Alma site fortification and necropolis in South-western Crimea]. Simferopol-Moskva [in Russian].

Ruchinskaia, O.A. (2017). Kultura i obshchestvo Grecheskikh gorodov Severnogo Prihernomoria (VI v. do n.e. – IV v. n.e.) [Culture and society Greek towns northern Blown Sea (VI century BC – IV century AD)]. Kharkov: Maidan [in Russian].

Shelov, D.B. (1978). Uzkogorlye svetloglinianye amfory pervykh vekov nashei ery. Klassifikatsiia i khronologiia [Narrow light-lined amphoras of the first centuries AD. Classification and chronology]. Kratkie soobshcheniia instituta arkheologii, 156, 16-21 [in Russian].

Sheiko, I.N. (2014). Pergamskie i Efesskie svetilniki iz Olvii (import i mestnye imitatsii) [Pergamon and Ephesus lamps from Olbia (Import and local imitations)]. Problemy istorii filologii kultury, 2, 108-123 [in Russian].

Sheiko, Y.N. (2015). Svitylnyky Olvii (kinets VII – I st. do n.e.) [Lights of Olbia (the end of VII – I centuries BC)]. (Candidate’s thesis). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Sinika, V.S., Menshikova, V.A. & Telnov, N.P. (2014). Lepnye kurilnitsy iz pamiatnikov Severnogo Prichernomoria v IV-I vv. do n.e. [Hand-Molded Incense Cups from the Northern Black Sea Coast Sites of 4 th-1 st Centuries BC]. Stratum plus, 3, 65-101 [in Russian].

Symonovich, E.A. (1983). Naselenie stolitsy pozdneskifskogo tsarstva po materialam Vostochnogo nekropolia Neapolia skifskogo [Population of the capital of the late Scythian kingdom (according to materials from the Eastern Necropolis of Scythian Naples)]. Kiev: Naukova dumka [in Russian].

Tolstikov, V.P. (2017). Ocherk gradostroitelnoi istorii tsentralnogo raiona Pantikapeia [Molded burners from the monuments of the Northern Black Sea region in the IV-I centuries BC]. In: Pantikapei i Fanagoriia. Dve stolitsy Bosporskogo tsarstva, (pp. 69-84). Moskva [in Russian].

Tempelemann-Maczynska, M. (1985). Die Perlen der römischen Kaiserzeitund der frühen Phase der Völkerwanderungszeit im mitteleuropäischen Barbaricum. Мainz am Rhein, Philipp von Zabenrn, taf. 8 [in German].

Thompson, H.A. (1934). Two Centuries of Hellenistic Pottery. Hesperia, III, 311-475 [in English].

Tolstoi, I.I. (ed.). (1948). Ellinisticheskaia tekhnika [Hellenistic technique]. Moskva-Leningrad [in Russian].

Trufanov, A.A. (1997). Tipologiia krasnolakovykh tarelok s vertikalnym bortikom po materialam mogilnikov Yugo-Zapadnogo i Tsentralnogo Kryma [Typology of red-lacquered plates with a vertical side (based on materials from the cemeteries of the South-Western and Central Crimea)]. Bakhchisaraiskii istoriko-arkheologicheskii sbornik, 1, 181-192 [in Russian].

Trufanov, A.A. (2001). K voprosu o khronologii brasletov s zoomorfnymi okonchaniiami pomaterialam krymskikh mogilnikov pozdneskifskogo vremeni [To the question of the chronology of bracelets with zoomorphic endings (based on materials from the Crimean burial grounds of the Late Scythian time)]. Trudy gosudarstvennogo istoricheskogo muzeia, 118, 71-78 [in Russian].

Trufanov, A.A. (2009). Khronologiia mogilnikov Predgornogo Kryma I v. do n.e. – III v. n.e. [Chronology of the burial grounds of the Piedmont Crimea. I century BC – III century AD]. Stratum Plus, 4, 117-328 [in Russian].

Trufanov, A.A. (2011). Metallicheskie amulety-podveski Severnogo Prichernomoria pervykh vekov n.e. [Metal Amulets-Pendants from Northern Black Sea Coast of the First Centuries AD]. Stratum plus, 4, 225-270 [in Russian].

Ushakov, S.V. (2010). Keramicheskii kompleks Khersonesa Tavricheskogo (po materialam rabot BSP-Prichernomorskogo proekta u Baziliki 1935 g.) [Ceramic complex of Tauric Chersonesos]. Materialy po arkheologii i istorii antichnogo i srednevekovogo Kryma, II, 7-26 [in Russian].

Vlasov, V.P. (1997). Lepnaia keramika Pozdneskifskogo Bulganakskogo gorodishcha [Early constructions of Belozersky settlement]. Bakhchisaraiskii istoriko-arkheologicheskii sbornik, 1, 204-303 [in Russian].

Vnukov, S.Yu. (2003). Prichernomorskie amfory I v. do n.e. – II v. n.e. [Black Sea amphorae of I century BC – II century AD]. Moskva: Institut arkheologii Rossiiskoi Akademii nauk [in Russian].

Vnukov, S.Yu. (2006). Prichernomorskie amfory I v. do n.e. – II v. n.e. Petrografiia, khronologiia, problemy torgovli [Black Sea amphoras of I century BC – II century AD. Petrography, chronology, problems of trade]. Sankt-Peterburg: Aleteiia [in Russian].

Voloshinov, A.A. & Loboda, I.I. (2005). Bakhchisaraiskii istoriko-kulturnyi zapovednik i arkheologicheskie issledovaniia v Yugo-Zapadnom Krymu [Bakhchisarai Historical and Cultural Reserve and Archaeological Research in the South-Western Crimea]. In: Drevnie sokrovishcha Yugo-Zapadnogo Kryma. Katalog vystavki (pp. 26-27). Simferopol [in Russian].

Vysotskaia, T.N. (1979). Neapol – stolitsa gosudarstva pozdnikh ckifov [Naples is the capital of the state of the late Scythians]. Kiev: Naukova dumka [in Russian].

Vysotskaia, T.N. (1994). Ust-Alminskoe gorodishche i nekropol [Ust-Alminskoe Settlement and Necropolis]. Kiev: Kievskaia Akademiia Evrobiznesa [in Russian].

Zhuravlev, D.V. (2007). Pontiiskaia sigillata iz mogilnikov Belbek III i Belbek IV v Yugo-Zapadnom Krymu [Pontic sigillata from the burial grounds Belbek III and Belbek IV in the South-Western Crimea]. Bosporskie issledovaniia, 16, 366-448 [in Russian].

Zhuravlev, D.V. (2014). Braslety i koltsa s vystupami iz pozdneskifskikh i sarmatskikh pamiatnikov Severnogo Prichernomoria [«Bracelets» and rings with protrusions from the Late Scythian and Sarmatian monuments of the Northern Black Sea region]. Problemy istorii filologii kultury, 2 (43), 59-85 [in Russian].

Zhuravlev, D.V. & Turova, N.P. (2012). Antichnye glinianye svetilniki Yaltinskogo istoriko-literaturnogo muzeia [Antique clay lamps of the Yalta History and Literature Museum]. Bosporskie issledovaniia, 26, 335-400 [in Russian].

Zolotarev, M.I., Korobkov, D.Yu. & Ushakov, S.V. (1997). O printsipakh izucheniia antichnykh vodosbornykh tsistern [On the principles of studying ancient drainage tanks]. Sevastopol [in Russian].

Опубліковано
05.10.2019
Як цитувати
Medvedev, G. (2019). Водозбірна цистерна елліністичного часу з поселення Віліно (Розсадне) - як поховальна споруда пізньоскіфської культури. ЕМІНАК: науковий щоквартальник, (3(27). https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2019.3(27).309
Розділ
Археологія