The Epigravettian of the Eastern Prikarpatty and the Epigravettian And the Eastern Epigravettian in Historical Development

Keywords: Upper Paleolithic, classic Epigravettian, eastern Epigravettian, archaeological culture, flint industry

Abstract

The Scientific Article considers the problems of the methodology of the research of the Epigravettian Eastern Europe population history. The unused yet opportunities of the research of the cultural and historical processes in the Upper Paleolithic Age by means of separation and research of archaeological cultures are demonstrated. The possibility of concrete historical reconstructions by way of the research of culture-historical processes is advocated

In his researches of the Upper Paleolithic Age the author holds the viewpoint that historical level of archeological researches is the objective element of the reality in the structure of the social system analysis. The author endorses the view of a number of researchers of the absence of such social society structure as the tribe as late as the Upper Paleolithic Age. On this basis, the author believes that every separate Epigravettian archeological culture can be the illustration of life activity only of a separate primitive society.

It is shown in the research that ethnographical sources can be used in historical and cultural reconstructions of the life of the Paleolithic hunters of Eastern Europe. However, the reconstructions only put forward hypotheses and are rather disputable.

It is the author’s opinion that Eastern Europe saw both the Classic Epigravettian (similar to the Epigravettian of Central Europe) and the Eastern Epigravettian. The Eastern Epigravettian, in the author’s judgment, is varied in material culture and origin. The Classic Epigravettian is spread in the limits of the Eastern Rumanian Carpathian Mountains, in Moldova and in the Right-Bank Ukraine. The Eastern Epigravettian exists in the Left-Bank Ukraine and in the south-west of the European part of the Russian Federation.

The questions of the ethno-cultural sources of origin of the Classic and the Eastern Epigrovettian of Eastern Europe are examined. The author made the conclusion that the Classic Eastern European Epigravettian grounds on the Central European Eastern Gravettian, spread in the Ukrainian Carpathian region. Whereas the Eastern Epigravettian originated from the Eastern Gravettian, developed in the regions of the Desna River and the upper reaches of the Don River.

The author’s findings of investigation presenting the processes of origination and development of the archeological cultures of the Classic and the Eastern Epigravettian of Eastern Europe are given in the Article.

Dispersal routes of hunting communities, the representatives of these archeological cultures, are reconstructed as well.

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Published
07.04.2020
How to Cite
OlenkovskyiM. (2020). The Epigravettian of the Eastern Prikarpatty and the Epigravettian And the Eastern Epigravettian in Historical Development. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (1(29), 33-44. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2020.1(29).377
Section
Stone Age