On the Results of Pilot Geo-Archaeological Reconnaissance in Kharkiv Region

Keywords: geo-archaeology, Early Quaternary, natural dyes, lithic raw materials, Paleolithic sites

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the presentation of the results of the reconnaissance on the Siverskyi Donets middle course right bank segment. A geo-archaeological approach is used, in which the geological component is the leading one, and the archaeological component is the subordinate one.

Pilot data that allow to substantially modify the area of possible future studies of the early stages of the modern Kharkiv region territory colonization are gained. The range of natural dyes potential sources is determined, the composition of the sources of stone raw materials is specified, and new Paleolithic sites are found.

The territory is characterized by numerous outcrops, including the Early Pleistocene subaerial sediments.

The sources of natural dyes (shades of red, blue, white) are associated with the sediments of different geological age: from the Triassic-Jurassic to the first half of the Quaternary. Enclosing sediments are quite widespread and were potentially available throughout the Pleistocene.

Flints, widespread in the region, are universally associated with the Cretaceous and Jurassic sediments and represented a rich resource base for hunter-gatherers of various periods of the Stone Age. Other varieties of raw materials different types of siliceous limestone, sandstone, and quartzite made up an additional resource base and were used by the prehistoric population.

A few sites with lithic produced items are discovered. The found archaeological artifacts are obviously noncontemporaneous. Technical and morphological features make it possible to distinguish among them the Middle Paleolithic and, the most noteworthy, the Lower Paleolithic evidence. The studied segment of the right bank of the Siverskyi Donets has significant potential for further studies of the Paleolithic.

References

Borysenko, Yu.A., Horiachev, A.V., Lytvynenko, Yu.O., Myrka, H.Yu., Moskalenko, I.O., Moskalenko, L.H., Rudyi, M.H., & Yakovliev, V.V. (2008). Derzhavna heolohichna karta Ukrainy masshtabu 1:200 000 [State geological map of Ukraine on the scale of 1: 200 000] (sheets: M-37-XIII (Belgorod), M-37-XIX (Kharkiv). Kyiv: Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine, «Pivdenekoheotsentr» [in Ukrainian].

Gladkikh, M.I. (1973). Razvedki paleolita v zone kanala Dnepr-Donbass [Paleolithic investigations in the Dnipro-Donbas canal zone]. In Rybakov, B.A. (Ed.). Arkheologicheskie otkrytiia 1972 goda (pp. 268-269). Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Gorelik, A.F. & Degermendzhi, S.M. (2015). Po zaputannomu sledu k vozniknoveniiu odnoi neoliticheskoi stoianki-masterskoi v Podontsove [On the confusing trail: to the emergence of a Neolithic site-workshop in Podontsovye]. Stratum plus, 2, 233-274 [in Russian].

Hlavenchuk, A.V. (2017). Pihmentna vokhra za danymy doslidzhen piznopaleolitychnoho poselennia Anetivka 2 [The pigment ochre according research on Late Paleolithic site Anetivka 2]. Kamiana doba Ukrainy, 17-18, 144-152 [in Ukrainian].

Kliushnikov, M.N., Guk, V.I., Nerodenko, V.M., Dobrianskii, E.U., Roslyi, I.M., & Bannik, G.I. (1961). Geologicheskaia karta SSSR masshtaba 1 200 000 [Geological map of the USSR on the scale of 1:200 000] (sheet: M-37-XXVI). Moscow: State Scientific and Technical Publishing House of Literature on Geology and Mineral Protection [in Russian].

Kolesnik, A.V. (2003). Srednii paleolit Donbassa [The Middle Paleolithic of Donbass]. Donetsk: Lebed [in Russian].

Krotova, O.O. (2019). Istoriia doslidzhennia verkhnoho paleolitu baseinu Siverskoho Dintsia [History of study the Upper Paleolithic of the Siverskyi Donets Basin]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V.N. Karazina: Seriia «Istoriia», 54, 53-62 [in Ukrainian].

Levytskyi, I.F. & Telehin, D.Ya. (1956). Doslidzhennia stoianky v urochyshchi Mynivskyi Yar na Siverskomu Dintsi [Investigations of the site in Minivsky Yar on Siverskyi Donets]. In Yefymenko, P.P. (Ed.). Arkheolohichni pamiatky URSR (vol. VI, pp. 183-188). Kyiv: Publishing house of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR [in Ukrainian].

Prots, L.P. (2007). Derzhavna heolohichna karta Ukrainy masshtabu 1:200 000 [State geological map of Ukraine on the scale of 1: 200 000] (sheets M-37-ХXV (Lozova). Kyiv: Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine, State Geological Survey, Donetsk State Regional Geological Enterprise «Donetsk-Geology» [in Ukrainian].

Rudenko, L.H. (Ed.). (2007). Natsionalnyi atlas Ukrainy [National Atlas of Ukraine]. Kyiv: DNVP «Kartohrafiia» [in Ukrainian].

Sibilev, N.V. (1926). Drevnosti Iziumshchiny [Antiquities of Izyum region]. Izium: Printing House «Pechatnoe Delo» [in Russian].

Snezhko, I.A. (2009). Istoriia otkrytiia pozdnepaleoliticheskikh pamiatnikov Iziumshchiny [History of the discovery of Upper Paleolithic monuments of Izyum region]. In Dobrov, P.V. (Ed.). Sviatogirskii almanakh (pp. 49-55). Donetsk: Communal Institution «State Historical and Architectural Reserve in Sviatogorsk» [in Russian].

Snizhko, I.A. (2016). Arkheolohichni rozvidky na terytorii Balakliiskoho raionu Kharkivskoi oblasti [Archaeological investigations in the territory of Balakliia district of Kharkiv region]. In Soshnikova O.M. et al. (Eds.). Dvadtsiat druhi Sumtsovski chytannia (pp. 278-282). Kharkiv: «Maidan» [in Ukrainian].

Snizhko, I.A. (2019). Pamiatky davnoho kamianoho viku serednoi techii Siverskoho Dintsia – vid XII Arkheolohichnoho zizdu do suchasnykh doslidzhen [Monuments of the ancient Stone Age in the middle course of Seversky Donets river – from the XII Archaeological Congress to modern research]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V.N. Karazina: Seriia «Istoriia», 54, 63-72 [in Ukrainian].

Stepanchuk, V.N. (2018). Osobennosti sotsialnoi struktury neandertalskogo obshchestva po materialam srednego paleolita Kryma [Features of the social structure of Neanderthal society (based on the Crimean Middle Paleolithic)]. Stratum plus, 1, 43-57 [in Russian].

Stepanchuk, V.N. (2018). Kliuchevye nizhnepaleoliticheskie pamiatniki zapada vostochno-evropeiskogo areala Ukrainy [Key Lower Paleolithic Monuments of the West of the Eastern European Range of Ukraine]. In Ragimova M.N. (Ed.). Paleoliticheskaia stoianka Azykh v Azerbaidzhane i migratsionnye protsessy (pp. 149-161). Baku: Institute of Archeology and Ethnography [in Russian].

Stepanchuk, V.M., Bakhmutov, V.H., Matviishyna, Zh.M., Dmytruk, Yu.M., Veklych, Yu.M., Karmazynenko, S.P., Tsvelykh, O.M., Vietrov, D.O., & Nezdolii, O.I. (2018). Zvit pro NDR 0118U001457 «Naidavnishi paleolitychni stoianky Ukrainy v konteksti pochatkovoi kolonizatsii Yevropy» [Research report 0118U001457 «The most ancient Paleolithic sites of Ukraine in the context of the initial colonization of Europe»]. Kyiv: UkrINTEI [in Ukrainian].

Stepanchuk, V.M., Nezdolii, O.I., & Vietrov, D.O. (2018). Pryrodni barvnyky v materialakh bahatosharovoi mustierskoi stoianky Prolom II [Natural pigments in materials of the multilayered Mousterian site of Prolom II]. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (28), 7–21 [in Ukrainian].

Stepanchuk, V.M., Vietrov, V.S., & Skorikov, V.A. (2017). Doslidzhennia nyzhnoho paleolitu rivnynnoi Ukrainy: ohliad potochnykh danykh [Studies on the Lower Palaeolithic of the Open Landscapes of Ukraine: overview of the current data]. Kamiana doba Ukrainy, 17-18, 48-65 [in Ukrainian].

Vetrov, V.S. & Skorikov, V.A. (2010). Mestonakhozhdenie kamennogo veka Vishnevyi Dol [The location of the Stone Age Vishnevyi Dol]. In Vasilenko A.I. (Ed.). Problemy okhrany i izucheniia pamiatnikov stepnoi zony vostochnoi Evropy (pp. 265-217). Luhansk: Globus [in Russian].

Published
07.04.2020
How to Cite
StepanchukV., VeklychY., PaliienkoS., & NezdoliiO. (2020). On the Results of Pilot Geo-Archaeological Reconnaissance in Kharkiv Region. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (1(29), 45-62. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2020.1(29).378
Section
Stone Age

Most read articles by the same author(s)