Pushkari-1 Upper Paleolithic Flint Complex on Materials of Excavation VII

Keywords: North of Ukraine, Late Gravettian, flint complex

Abstract

The paper presents the results of a typological and statistical analysis of the flint assemblage of the excavation VII of the Upper Paleolithic site Pushkari-1 (Novgorod-Siverskyi District, Chernihiv Region). A total of 36777 items of flint artifacts were obtained from a 98 m² excavation.

The debitage numbers 35,298 items (96%), represented by the following main categories: blades (16%), microblades (7%), microliths (1%) flakes (35%), debris (6%), tiny flakes (30%), ridged flakes (2.5%), burin flakes (0.5%). The knapping technique is presented by different types of cores (721 items), of which 266 items (or 37%) are fragments and debris. Among the intact cores, the majority are one-platform – 201 items (54%), two-platform are less in number – 166 items (44%), multi-platform – 2 items (5%).

A total of 1,489 items are secondarily processed, representing 4% of the whole flint assemblage. They are represented by the following types: burins (62 items, 4%), endscrapers (34 items, 2.4%), troncated blades (47 items, 3%), notched items (49 items, 3%), projectile points of large forms (158 items, 11%), and backed blades (416 items, 28%). There are also some retouched, typologically unspecified items in the assemblage – blades (550 items, 37%), microblades (115 items, 8%), and flakes (48 items, 3%) with their fragments.

The analyzed flint complex is typical for the peculiar Pushkari type of the Late Gravettian sites of the North of Ukraine, which existed at the period of the Last Glacial Maximum.

References

Beliaeva, V.I. (2002). Paleoliticheskaia stoianka Pushkari (kharakteristika kulturnogo sloia) [The Paleolithic site of Pushkari I (characteristic of the cultural layer)]. Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].

Beliaeva, V.I. (2009). Nekotorye obobshcheniia polevykh issledovanii v Pushkariakh I [Some generalizations of field research in Pushkary I]. In S.N. Bibikov i pervobytnaia arkheologiia (pp. 181-187). Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].

Beliaeva, V.I. (2014). Osobennosti raspolozheniia zhilykh ploshchadok s ochagami na stoiankakh verkhnego paleolita [Features of the location of residential sites with foci in the parking lots of the Upper Paleolithic]. In Zamiatninskii sbornik. Kamennyi vek ot Atlantiki do Patsifiki (Vol. 3, pp. 146-156). Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].

Boryskovskyi, P.I. (1949). Paleolitychna stoianka Pushkari I [Paleolithic site of Pushkari I]. In Paleolit i neolit Ukrainy. (Vol. II (1), pp. 155-188). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Boriskovskii, P.I. (1953). Paleolit Ukrainy. Istoriko-arkheologicheskie ocherki [Paleolithic of Ukraine. Historical and archaeological essays]. (Materialy i issledovania po arkheologii SSSR, 40). Moskva [in Russian].

Gribchenko, Yu.N. & Kurenkova, E.I. (2014). Paleogeograficheskie osobennosti osnovnykh stoianok pozdnego paleolita basseina reki desny (Khotylevo, Eliseevichi, Yudinovo, Pushkari) [Paleogeographic features of the main sites of the late Paleolithic of the gum river basin (Khotylevo, Eliseevichi, Yudinovo, Pushkari)]. Arkheolohichnyi almanakh, 31, 99-115 [in Russian].

Rudynskyi, M.Ya. (1947). Pushkarivskyi paleolitychnyi postii ta yoho mistse v ukrainskomu paleoliti [Pushkar Paleolithic post and its place in the Ukrainian Paleolithic]. Arkheolohiia, 1, 7-21 [in Ukrainian].

Vasyliev, P.M. (2019). Mikrolitychnyi kompleks piznoho hravetu pivnichnoi Ukrainy: na prykladi stoianok Pushkari I ta Kliusy [Microlithic complex of late gravel of northern Ukraine: on the example of Pushkari I and Klyusy parking lots]. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 4 (33), 129-147 [in Ukrainian].

Voevodskii, M.V. (1940). Raboty Desnianskoi ekspeditsii v 1939 g. [The work of the Desninskaya expedition in 1939]. Kratkie soobshcheniia Instituta istorii materialnoi kultury (Vol. 4, pp. 34-36) [in Russian].

Voevodskii, M.V. (1946). Desnianskaia arkheologicheskaia ekspeditsiia 1940 g. [Desnianska archaeological expedition of 1940]. Kratkie soobshcheniia Instituta istorii materialnoi kultury (Vol. 13, pp. 89-94) [in Russian].

Published
07.04.2020
How to Cite
VasylievP., & BelyaevaV. (2020). Pushkari-1 Upper Paleolithic Flint Complex on Materials of Excavation VII. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (1(29), 87-129. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2020.1(29).381
Section
Stone Age