Production Facilities of the ‘Potter’s Family’ Complex at Trypillia Settlement of Talianki

Keywords: Cucuteni-Trypillia, geomagnetic survey, pottery, kilns, ceramic production, pit’s objects

Abstract

Recently, a multi-year (2011-2014, 2016, 2017) study of the separate structural unit Housing and Production Complex of Potter's Family at Talianki, Trypillia settlement mega-site, has been completed. The study was made possible thanks to new maps of geomagnetic anomalies created in 2011-2012 thanks to joint efforts of the Roman-Germanic Commission of the German Archaeological Institute and the Trypillia Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the NAS of Ukraine. In addition to anomalies showing 1356 ground-based houses, the anomalies that reflected small-sized burned objects (kilns, separate causeways) and objects that had not been fired (pits, assemblages, paths within the boundaries of the settlement, etc.) were first discovered.

The Complex fixes the residence place of one family, specialized in making ceramic produced items, meeting the requirements of a much larger social group. It comprises five on-land dwellings, three pottery kilns and several half dug structures. Such a large concentration of diverse function structures in a relatively small area is recorded and studied in Trypillia for the first time.

The Complex is located in the western part of the northern sector of the settlement and is a part of the outward circle of dwellings. The kilns and the ditch are located at a distance up to 30 meters from the dwellings, already outside the settlement.

The shape of the kilns, their size, and some structural details have differences, but the basic elements are the same. This is a rectangular on plan, two chambers – combustion chamber and the filling chamber – separated by a vertical grate, the dividing platform (pod) with air-holes, two supports (kozly) in the combustion chamber. The building materials are stone, clay, and a significant number of pottery fragments.

The ditch is located between the kilns «A» and «D» and comprises five depressions. Several stages of its use are found out: taking out of local clay for construction (toloka); storage of imported raw materials in separate depressions; repeated disposal of pottery wastes (fragments of kilns’ crowns, defective produced items, ashes). A large number of pottery fragments, bone and stone tools (putty knives, burnishers for ceramics, templets), figures, fragments of dwellings models and slides, and the like are found in the objects and around them.

Pottery kilns, as the constructions with two separate chambers – combustion and filling, are quite widely known in Cucuteni-Trypillia culture. A number of structures have lately been discovered at settlement sites in different regions of Ukraine and Moldova, and reflect transitional forms from stove and hearth structures to directly production kilns (partially formed kilns after A.A. Bobrinskiy). The kilns of the Complex in Talianki are the last link in the development of such heat engineering constructions, originating from firing ceramics in domestic stoves.

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Published
07.04.2020
How to Cite
Korvin-PiotrovskiiA., & OvchinnikovE. (2020). Production Facilities of the ‘Potter’s Family’ Complex at Trypillia Settlement of Talianki. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (1(29), 254-276. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2020.1(29).392
Section
Bronze Age