The Planigraphy of Trypillia Settlement of Sabatynivka-1 Based on Excavations Materials of 1938-1939
The publication of fieldwork documentation from Sabatynivka-1 settlement site will help to identify the structure of this famous Cucuteni-Trypillia culture site. The site is eponymous for the local group of sites located in the middle course of the South Buh and the additional information about the planigraphy and the cultural layer can help to study the other sites of this group, which have been discovered since 1996. The materials of the 1938-1939s excavations (headed by A.V. Dobrovolskyi and O.F. Lagodovska), which are stored in the archives of the Odesa Archaeological Museum of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine are studied in the paper. Previously, only brief information about the location of the site and conducted excavations was known, and only some objects were published (the excavations of A.V. Dobrovolskyi in 1947-1948).
The work describes the cultural layer of the site at the depth of every particular horizontal layer using the data available for us today. Thus, the issue of the multi-layered nature of the site is considered. Previously conducted studies inform about the presence of the Late Bronze Age layer (Sabatynivka culture), a layer of Cucuteni-Trypillia (Trypillia-B1 period), and a layer preceding Trypillia. We managed to consider in more detail the planigraphy of the settlement based on the excavations of 1939. Two peaks with a concentration of findings in certain layers are disclosed (the first case is numerous bones in the presumptive layer of the Bronze Age; the second is a large number of ceramic fragments in a possible Cucuteni-Trypillia layer). The so-called Pre-Trypillia layer, in which the object – the accumulation of Unio shells is located, remains also debatable. The highest concentration of flint tools is also determined in one of the deepest layers.
The results of 1938 excavations are presented mostly in the form of fieldwork inventories and personal notes (diaries) and less in the form of planigraphic data. Such sources can serve as a basis for another study, the subject of which will be the results of these very excavations. The question of the location of the site, the information of which can be found among the reference numbers of Sabatynivka materials stored in the OAM of NASU, remains open. The use of multiple source groups can help to identify this object.
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