On the cultural and chronological attribution of the Gremiachie cemetery in the Zhytomyr region
The article publishes completely the materials from excavation of barrows of the Zhytomyr Survey Expedition of 1945 in the Gremiachie tract near Zhytomyr based on the archival materials and the collections stored in the Scientific Fund of the Institute of Archeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Barrow were located at a distance of 15-25 m from one another. The height of the mounds was 0.15-0.25 m and their diameter was 5.8-7.5 m. The remains of cremations were recorded in the form of a handful of small burnt human bones under the mounds, at different depths, from 0.3 to 0.75 m, accompanied by small fragments of handmade vessels, separate stones without a definite shape, amorphous flakes and fragments of flint. A bronze pin, a handmade vessel, and a flint plate were discovered in the barrow No. 1. The cremations were done on the side. Their remains together with the inventory were laid at the level of the ancient horizon or in a small hollow, possibly on a specially prepared site. The studies of 1945 did not give any reason to assert that the remains of the cremations were put exactly in the vessels, as S.S. Hamchenko mentioned, and after that they were set at the level of the ancient horizon.
The time of the cemetery appearance was attributed to the final stage of the Kiev-Zhytomyr group of the Sosnitsa culture, immediately preceding the formation of the Milograd culture in Kiev-Zhytomyr Polesie, and can be dated to the turn of the 2nd – 1st millennia BC based on the peculiarities of the ceramic complex and the bronze pin found in barrow No. 1.
Artemenko, I.I. (1987). Sosnitskaia kultura [Sosnitskaya culture]. Arkheologiia SSSR. Epokha bronzy lesnoi polosy SSSR. Moskva: Nauka, 106-113 [in Russian].
Berezanskaia, S.S. (1972). Srednii period bronzovogo veka v Severnoi Ukraine [Middle Bronze Age in Northern Ukraine]. Kiev: Naukova dumka [in Russian].
Berezanskaia, S.S. (1976). Lebedovskaia kultura epokhi bronzy v lesostepnoi Ukraine [Lebedovskaya culture of the Bronze Age in forest-steppe Ukraine]. Eneolit i bronzovyi vek Ukrainy. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 190-222 [in Russian].
Gamchenko, S.S. (1924). Raskopki 1924 g. na Volyni Sergeia Gamchenka [Excavations of 1924 in Volyn by Sergei Gamchenka]. Nauchnyi arkhiv Instituta arkheologii NANU. Fond Gamchenko. No. 46-48 [in Russian].
Krushelnytska, L.I. (1985). Vzaiemozviazky naselennia Prykarpattia i Volyni z plemenamy Skhidnoi i Tsentralnoi Yevropy (rubizh epokh bronzy i zaliza) [Relations between the population of the Carpathian and Volyn regions with the tribes of Eastern and Central Europe (the frontier of the Bronze Age and Iron Age)]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Kryvalcevič, M.M. & Byčkoŷ, M.U. (1996). Prybarskij kurhannyja mohilniki epochi bronzy [Prybarskiy mogilniki burial of the Bronze Age]. Histaryčna-archieałahičny zbornik, 9, 61-76 [in Belarusian].
Lysenko, S.D. (2012). Tshinetskii kulturnyi krug i problemy perekhoda k rannemu zheleznomu veku v Severnoi Ukraine [Tshinets Culture Circle and Problems of Transition to the Early Iron Age in Northern Ukraine]. Rossiiskii arkheologicheskii ezhegodnik, 2, 263-275 [in Russian].
Lysenko, S.D., Lysenko, S.S. & Didenko, S.V. (2004). Shpylky z kruhloiu shliapkoiu ta vushkom iz zibrannia Natsionalnoho muzeiu istorii Ukrainy [Pins with a round hat and ear from collection of National Museum of History of Ukraine]. Natsionalnyi muzei istorii Ukrainy: postup u tretie tysiacholittia. Kyiv: NMIU, 191-196 [in Ukrainian].
Makhno, Ye.V. (1945). Zvit Zhytomyrskoi ekspedytsii 1945 r. [Zhytomyr Expedition Report 1945]. Nauchnyi arkhiv Instituta arkheologii NANU. No. 1945/9 [in Ukrainian].
Makhno, Ye.V. (1949). Dvi pamiatky bronzovoi doby v baseini r.Tetereva [Two Bronze Age monuments in the Teterev River basin]. Arkheolohichni pamiatky URSR, II, 205-211 [in Ukrainian].
Melnikovskaia, O.N. (1967). Plemena Iuzhnoi Belorussii v rannem zheleznom veke [Tribes of Southern Belarus in the Early Iron Age]. Moskva: Nauka [in Russian].
Razłuckaja, A.A., Jazepienka, I.M., Łysienka, S.D. & Łysienka, S.S. (2013). Zbor krynic navukovych archieałahičnych fondaŭ. Vypusk 1. Archieałahičnyja kalekcyi I.I. Arciomienki (1956-1981 hh.) [Collection of scientific archaeological sources of funds. Issue 1. The Archaeological Collection II Artemenko (1956-1981)]. Minsk: Biełaruskaja navuka [in Belarusian].
Telegin, D.Ya. (1957). Kratkii otchet o komandirovke na Seim v iiule 1957 g. [A brief report on a trip to the Sejm in July 1957]. Nauchnyi arkhiv Instituta arkheologii NANU. No. 1957/24 [in Russian].
Shydlovskyi, P.S., Lysenko, S.D., Kyrylenko, O.S., Sorokun, A.A. & Pichkur, Ye.V. (2016). Pervisna arkheolohiia Nyzhnoho Podesennia [Primeval archeology of the Lower Podesnia]. Kyiv: Kafedra arkheolohii ta muzeieznavstva KNU imeni T. Shevchenka [in Ukrainian].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.