Civil Service in Volyn Province in Memories and Assessments of Contemporaries (Late 18th – First Half of the 19th Century)
Literary Memoirs (memoirs, notes), describing the civil service in Volyn Province in the late 18th – the first half of the 19th century are analyzed. The letters that were actively published in the late 19th century are studied separately. The influence of the political situation on the service, powers, and tasks of the officials, their material support, and interaction with the local population is determined. The issue of leisure and cultural needs of Volyn Province officials, influencing the performing of official duties, is partially ascertained.
The first group of memoirs includes memoirs of Volyn administrative staff members telling about their own service and the problems they personally faced (P. Baturin, M. Mamaiev, Yan Okhotskyi, and Volyn Governor M. Sinelnikov). They described the professional duties and the complexity of additional tasks, relations with the local gentry, bribery of retired military officers who came to Volyn for quick enrichment. The correlation between the political situation and public service is traced. According to the authors themselves, the most difficult situation was during the periods of political aggravation, in particular during the war with Napoleon, after the November Uprising and during searches in the case of Sh. Konarskyi, while M.P. Sinelnikov no longer felt gentry’s resistance. Thanks to prudent governing measures, he, on the contrary, managed to establish cooperation, so in general, he assessed the service as relatively calm.
Another group includes memoirs of people not connected with the governing in Volyn region. Contemporaries of those events did not miss the activities of the leadership of the region, describing the style of their rule, competence. Their assessment was not always impartial, especially concerning the gentry. Although less informative, they give a subjective description of both individual officials and state administration as a whole. Very often, the low authority of the arrived Russian government official with the local population, his rude behavior is shown.
The issues of leisure and cultural inquiries of employees are the least represented. Zhytomyr is described as a city of officials, extremely poor in the sphere of entertainment. The great events were festive dinners and balls with gambling, weddings of magnates, where only the highest provincial leadership was invited. The supreme power had only to control that such events did not affect the reputation and impartiality of the officials in the performing of the civil service.
Baturin, P. (1918). Zapiski (1780-1798 rr.) [Notes (1780-1798)]. Holos minuvsheho, 4-6, 173-210 [in Russian].
Bondarchuk, O. (2019) Transformatsiia idei harmoniinoho rozvytku Pravoberezhzhia v «Memuarakh moho zhyttia. Spohadakh zriloho viku» T. Bobrovskoho [Transformation of the idea of harmonious development of the Right Bank in «memoirs of my life. Recollections of the mature age» by T. Bobrovsky]. Science and Education a New Dimension. Philology, VII (56), 7-10. DOI: https:doi.org/10.31174/SEND-Ph2019-190VII56-01 [in Ukrainian].
Bovua, D. (2007). Rosiiska vlada i polska shliakhta v Ukraini 1793-1830 rr. [The Russian authorities and the Polish nobility in Ukraine 1793-1830 rr.]. Lviv: Kalivariia [in Ukrainian].
Dubrovin, N. (1883). Pisma glavneishikh deiatelei v tsarstvovanie imperatora Aleksandra (s 1807-1829 god) [Letters of Principal Figures in the Reign of Emperor Aleksander I (from 1807 to 1829)]. Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].
Fytsyk, І. (2014). Memuary polskoi shliakhty yak dzherela z istorii Pravoberezhnoi Ukrainy druhoi polovyny XVIII – pershoi polovyny XIX stolittia [Memoirs of Polish nobility as sources in history of Right-Bank Ukraine of the second half of 18th – early 19th century]. Chornomorskyi litopys, 10, 142-149 [in Ukrainian].
Kelsh, N. (1893). Vospominaniia o N.P. Sinelnikove [Memoirs of N.P. Sinelnikove]. Istoricheskii vestnik, 54, 876-881 [in Russian].
Komarovskii, Ye. (1867). Iz zapisok general-adiutanta grafa E.V. Komarovskogo [From the notes of the General-Adjutant Count Ye.V. Komarovskogo]. Russkii arkhiv, 1, 1276-1330 [in Russian].
Kopylov, A. (1893). Memuary grafa Olizara [Memoirs of Count Olyzer]. Russkii vestnik, 227, 3-41 [in Russian].
Krashevskii, I (1874). Rasskazy o polskoi starine: zapiski XVIII veka, pereisdannyie i izdannyie I. Krashevskim [Stories about Polish old time: notes of the 18th century, rewritten and published by I. Krashevskii]. Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].
Mamaev, N. (1901). Zapiski [Notes]. Istoricheskii vestnik, 86, Pp. 46-72, 428-470, 864-883 [in Russian].
Melnyk, K. (2013). Obraz Volyni pershoi polovyni XIX st. u «Zapyskakh» M.I. Mamaieva [The image of Volyn in the first half of the 19th century in «Notes» by M.I. Mamaev]. Naukovyi zbirnyk «Velyka Volyn». Pratsi Zhytomyrskoho naukovo-kraieznavchoho tovarystva doslidnykiv Volyni, 48, 221-226 [in Ukrainian].
Opytov, M. (1883). Volynskaia revoliutsyia pervoi chetverti XIX stoletiia (Pisma nadvornogo sovetnika Opytova k grafine Starozhilovoi) [The Volyn revolution of the first quarter of the 19th century (Letters of the Court Councilor Opytov to Princess Starozhylova)]. Kievskaia starina, 5, 121-144; 319-365; 774-828 [in Russian].
Shandra, V. (2012). Spravnyk [Polic officer]. In Entsyklopediia istorii Ukrainy (Vol. 9, pp. 774-775). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Sinelnikov, N. (1895). Zapiski senatora [Senator’s notes]. Istoricheskii vestnik, 60, 380-397 [in Russian].
Suvorov, P. (1894). Senator N.P. Sinelnikov (Biograficheskii ocherk) [Senator N.P. Sinelnikov (Biographical essay)]. Istoricheskii vestnik, Vol. 56, No 4-6, 203-221 [in Russian].
Vigel, F. (2000). Zapiski [Notes]. Мoskva [in Russian].
Volkonskii, M. (1901). Zapiski Sergeya Grigorievicha Volkonskogo (Dekabrista) [Notes of Sergei Grigorievich Volkonsky (Dekabrist)]. Sankt-Peterburg: Sinodalnaia tipografiia [in Russian].
Yershov, V. (2008). Polska literatura Volyni doby romantyzmu: gheneologhiia memuarystychnosti [Polish literature of Volhynia in the Romantic Period: genealogy of memoirs]. Zhytomyr: Polissia [in Ukrainian].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.