Borysthenes Ceramic Complex of Early Archaic Period (on Collection of V.V. Lapin Materials)
The problem under consideration is the ethnicity of the population that used or created handmade pottery for the first inhabitants of ancient Borysthenes. A ceramic complex of the settlement on the island Berezan, like other settlements of the Northern Black Sea coast of ancient times, is considered being one of the ethnic indicators of its inhabitants.
V.V. Lapin considered the handmade ware to be an organic element of Greek material culture and disputed the hypothesis that the handmade pottery from the cultural layers of ancient settlements belonged to the Scythians. The opposite view is held by scholars, who though no longer consider handmade pottery to be Scythian, but associate it with a barbarian element in the population of ancient centers. This relevant issue can be resolved through the study of pottery from the settlements of the early archaic.
The goal of the study is to define the collection of pottery of the second half of the 7th – early 6th century BCE, to find the ratio of the main groups of pottery in the household of the first inhabitants of the settlement, and to determine the typology of handmade pottery of the first archaic period, taking into account the recently proposed dating of painted pottery.
The methods of ceramic material study are changed with the involvement of mass material and showing its changes in a wide chronological range. The entire household (without amphorae container) ceramic complex of the settlement is shown.
The assumption of V.V. Lapin that the first Greek sailors appeared on Berezan just ‘before the disaster’, approximately at the beginning of the last quarter of the 7th century BCE, is confirmed. Their kitchen utensils included (except for amphorae) handmade, kitchen, and household thick-walled pottery. In small quantities, there were earthenware and stoneware clay vessels.
Diversity and quantity of utensils increase during the second period, late 7th – early 6th century BCE. The assortment of items of each group begins to form, which in the following periods becomes decisive in the material culture of Borysthenes.
Analysis of mass ceramic material from the excavation ‘Osnovnyi’ (Main) allows us to support the statement of V.V. Lapin about the appearance of handmade pottery in the first Greek colonies owing to the settlement of the northernmost region of Ecumene.
Continuing the study of mass ceramic material in wide chronological and territorial boundaries will change some of our ideas about the material culture of the Northern Black Sea coast at ancient times.
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