Regulatory and Legal Ensuring of Soviet Power Social Policy Regarding Afghan War Veterans and Members of Their Families in the 1980s

Keywords: legislation of the USSR, social policy, Afghan War Veterans, persons with disabilities, families of fallen servicemen

Abstract

The regulatory and legal regulation of certain components of the social policy of the Soviet power regarding Afghan War Veterans and members of their families during the 1980s is studied in the paper. The chronology of regulatory and legal ensuring of certain components of social policy concerning the categories of persons from among the Soviet servicemen, participants of hostilities in Afghanistan and members of their families, defined in regulatory acts, is considered. It concerned mainly officers, warrant officers, and midshipmen, servicemen of compulsory and additional service who suffered injuries, disability, and the families of servicemen who were killed or died as a result of diseases got in Afghanistan, wives, children, and incapacitated parents.

The regulated components of social policy are studied, in particular, the components related to the elements of pension (inclusion in time-in-service for Afghan War Veterans, supplementary pensions for persons with disabilities, personal pensions for Afghan War Veterans with disabilities and family members of fallen servicemen), medical (out-of-turn, free provision of prosthetics and appropriate treatment), housing (providing housing or improving the living conditions of families), as well as social benefits to Afghan War Veterans with disabilities who studied or acquired another profession, and one-time benefits for fallen officers, warrant officers, and midshipmen of compulsory and additional service.

Certain attention is paid to the organization of measures to provide medical care to war veterans, including Afghan War Veterans, was regulated by the USSR government and orders of the Ministry of Health in 1988-1989 and related to the development of health and rehabilitation programs, hospitalization, provision of medicines, etc.

References

Bahmet, M. & Soroka, S. (2006). Komsomol ta neformalni obiednannia Ukrainy v period «perebudovy» [Komsomol and informal associations of Ukraine in the period of «Restructuring»]. Politychnyj menedzhment, 5, 164-181 [in Ukrainian].

Chervonopyskyi, S.V. (2008). Politychni ta sotsialni naslidky dlia Ukrainy spetsoperatsii SRSR v Afhanistani 1979-1989 rokiv i rol USVA v yikh podolanni [Political and Social Implications for Ukraine of USSR Special Operations in Afghanistan 1979-1989 and the Role of USM in Overcoming It.]. Kyiv: «Medinform» [in Ukrainian].

Danilova, N.Yu. (2003). Kollektivnyie deistviia uchastnikov voiny v Afganistane v kontekste socialnoi politiki [Collective actions of participants in the war in Afghanistan in the context of social policy]. (Candidate’s thesis). Saratov [in Russian].

Danilova, N.Yu. (2001). Voennosluzhashchie, voiny-internatsionalisty, veterany: dinamika pravovogo statusa [Military personnel, internationalist warriors, veterans: dynamics of legal status]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniia, 10, 77-84 [in Russian].

Kazakova, M.S. (Comp.) (1991). Spravochnik voina-internatsionalista (Izvlecheniia iz zakonodatelnykh aktov o lgotakh i posobiiakh) [Internationalist Warrior Handbook (Extracts from Legislative Acts on Benefits and Benefits)]. Moskva [in Russian].

Kostyrya, A.A. (2008). Istoriografiya, istochnikovedenie, bibliografiya spetsoperatsii SSSR v Afganistane (1979-1989 gg.) [Historiography, historical source study, bibliography of the special operation of the USSR in Afghanistan (1979-1989)]. Kyiv [in Russian].

Levchuk, K. (2016). Stvorennia ta osnovni napriamky diialnosti Ukrainskoi spilky veteraniv Afhanistanu (1985-2000 rr.) [Creation and main activities of the Ukrainian Union of Afghan Veterans (1985-2000)]. Gileya: naukovyi visnyk, 105, 84-87 [in Ukrainian].

Levchuk, K.I. (2009). Hromadski orhanizatsii Ukrainy: stvorennia ta diialnist (1985-1996) [Public Organizations of Ukraine: Creation and Activity (1985-1996)]. Vinnytsia [in Ukrainian].

Ostrovyk, D. (2019). Transformatsiia derzhavnoi polityky radianskoi vlady shchodo voiniv-«afhantsiv» v Ukraini 1979-1991 rr. [Transformation of the state policy of the Soviet power concerning «Afghan»-soldiers in Ukraine 1979-1991]. Viiskovo-istorychnyi merydian: elektronnyi naukovyi fakhovyi zhurnal, 1 (23). Retrieved from https://vim.gov.ua/pages/_journal_files/23.05.2019/pdf/VIM_23_2019-150-170.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Ostrovyk, D. (2020). Sotsialne zabezpechennia voiniv-«afhantsiv» i simei zahyblykh viiskovosluzhbovtsiv v Ukraini u 1980-kh rr. [Social Welfare for Af ghan War Veterans and Families of Fallen Servicemen in Ukraine in the 1980s]. Eminak: naukovyi shchokvartalnyk, 3 (31), 165-175 [in Ukrainian]. DOI: 10.33782/eminak2020.3(31).445

Ostrovyk, D. (2020). Derzhavna polityka shchodo «afhantsiv» i simei zahyblykh voiniv v URSR u 1980-kh rr. (na materialakh derzhavnykh arkhiviv Dnipropetrovskoi ta Chernihivskoi oblastei) [State Policy on Afghan War Veterans and Familes of Fallen Servicemen in Ukrainian SSR in the 1980s (on Materials of State Archives of Dnipropetrovsk and Chernihiv Regions]. Eminak: naukovyi shchokvartalnyk, 4 (32), 132-141 [in Ukrainian]. DOI: 10.33782/eminak2020.4(32).471

Published
01.07.2021
How to Cite
OstrovykD. (2021). Regulatory and Legal Ensuring of Soviet Power Social Policy Regarding Afghan War Veterans and Members of Their Families in the 1980s. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (2(34), 167-179. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2021.2(34).525
Section
History of Ukraine