‘Cultural Revolution’ of Early 1920s as a Technology for Soviet Mentality Formation

Keywords: social and cultural management, communist worldview, ideology, cultural transformation, mentality, propaganda, public life


The change of social and cultural environment by the Bolshevik regime in Ukraine in the early 1920s and the formation of the Soviet mentality are studied in the paper. Getting rid of the psychology of the social and cultural worldview model imposed by the Bilshovyk ‘ideological managers’, which is even nowadays supported by post-communist ideologues both inside and outside this country, is essential not only for establishing real democratic political institutions, economic growth, integration into European and world community, but also for the existence of statehood. The goal of the paper is to reveal the ideological methods and techniques used by the Bilshovyk power in the early 1920s in order to create a new worldview as well as a new social and cultural environment in order to rule the society’s life.

It is proved that in Ukraine in the early 1920s, Bilshovyk ideology replaced traditional notions and imposed new ones, whereas the struggle against dissenting views was conducted by applying red terror, distortion of facts, and outright manipulation. In particular, the belief in paradise was replaced by the belief in communism in order to deprive the population of reality for the sake of illusory happiness in the future. At the same time, the idea of Christian equality was understood as everybody’s poverty. The notion ‘working class’ was replaced by the ‘proletariat’, as the latter was easier to manipulate, making people fanatical supporters. The communist worldview was also implanted in the ideas of international education, and such thinking is, as a rule, indifferent to national and state interests. It should be noted that personally, the communist leaders lived a luxurious life, had huge collections, palaces, millions of wealth in American and European banks, and their descendants still live in the United States and European countries. Therefore, it gives rise to doubt about the ‘ideology’ of the Bilshovyk leaders, their ‘devotion’ to the world revolution, the proletariat, communism, and so on. It was a matter of plundering the country on an unprecedented scale, and it was not enough just to seize political power and run the security forces. It was necessary to change the worldview of the population, its mentality, which was characterized by: irresponsibility, fear, vulnerability to government officials, bureaucracy, inertia, unwillingness to work, underestimation of labor costs, ignorance of personal constitutional rights, and misunderstanding that the state exists for people and officials got salaries from taxes. And this is exactly what the current generation of Ukrainians should think about.


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How to Cite
Dramaretskiy, B., & Tolubets, N. (2021). ‘Cultural Revolution’ of Early 1920s as a Technology for Soviet Mentality Formation. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (2(34), 190-199. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2021.2(34).527
World History and International Relations