Swedish State of Well-Being in Focus of Ukrainian Emigration Periodics of Interwar Period

Keywords: state of well-being, Sweden, Trident, Svoboda, Ukrainian emigration

Abstract

State of well-being in Sweden (economic, political, military, and humanitarian areas) was reflected in the Ukrainian emigration press of 1926-1939. Stated theme is a fresh look at the issues of Ukrainian-Swedish relations during the interwar period. The goal of the paper is to clarify the image of the Kingdom of Sweden as a state of well-being in the focus of Ukrainian emigration periodicals during the interwar period. The archives of the weekly ‘Trident/Le Trident’ (France) and the newspaper ‘Freedom/Svoboda’ (USA) of the interwar period are analyzed in the study, the publications of contemporaries about the Swedish state of well-being are monitored, and the relevance of articles under review among Ukrainian emigrants in 1925-1939 is determined.

Ukrainian emigration press in Europe is represented by the weekly ‘Trident/Le Trident’, which was the first Ukrainian publication in France and systematically published news in accordance with the publication’s priorities. Among those were defending national interests, counteractions against Soviet crimes, anti-Soviet European sanctions, the success of social and democratic governments, and so on. Sweden always remained a standard of resolute opposition to the communist regime of the USSR in all spheres of life, so it received comprehensive support and active positioning in the columns of the Ukrainian Parisian weekly.

Ukrainian emigrants in America familiarized themselves with the Swedish experience in the pages of ‘Freedom/Svoboda’ (USA), the oldest Ukrainian newspaper in the world. The publications repeatedly emphasized the support of the Social Democrats by the population in Sweden, the successful reforms of the interwar socialist government, which managed to eliminate unemployment, stop mass emigration of Swedes abroad, and strengthen the country’s economy during the global economic crisis. We also see the newspaper editorial staff’s, and therefore the Ukrainian community of which it was the official herald, outspoken favor to Swedish life and the successive consecutive reforms of the national government.

To conclude, it is necessary to say that the state of well-being in Sweden was an exemplary case and the subject of discussion in Ukrainian emigration press of the interwar period. In 1925-1939, Ukrainian emigration shared the values of a democratic Swedish society in its press, approved a successful program of social reforms, recognized the need to address the state’s historical past in the context of current challenges, and supported anti-communist activities inside the state and abroad.

References

Koval, O. (2020). Shvedska derzhava dobrobutu v ukrainskii emihratsiinii presi mizhvoiennoho periodu (na prykladi hazety «Svoboda», SShA) [Swedish welfare state in the Ukrainian emigration press of the interwar period (on the example of the newspaper «Svoboda», USA)]. Proceedings of the Conference: Suspilni nauky: vyklyky i sohodennia (Odesa, Ukraina, 12-13 chervnia 2020 r.). Odesa. P. 24-29 [in Ukrainian].

Koval, O. & Kravchenko, P. (2021). Shvedske politychne ta kulturne zhyttia na shpaltakh ukrainskoi emihratsiinoi presy mizhvoiennoho chasu (na prykladi tyzhnevyka «Tryzub/Le Trident», Frantsiia) [Swedish political and cultural life in the columns of the Ukrainian emigration press of the interwar period (on the example of the weekly «Le Trident», France)]. Proceedings of the Conference: The IV International Science Conference «Prospects and achievements in applied and basic sciences» (February 9-12, 2021, Budapest, Hungary). Budapest. P. 193-196 [in Ukrainian].

Zatashanskyi, I. (1930, October 15). P’iat rokiv z isnuvannia «Tryzuba» [Five years since the existence of «Trident»]. Tryzub/ Le Trident, 39 (247), 2 [in Ukrainian].

Published
01.07.2021
How to Cite
KovalO. (2021). Swedish State of Well-Being in Focus of Ukrainian Emigration Periodics of Interwar Period. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (2(34), 200-209. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2021.2(34).528
Section
World History and International Relations