Glass Finds from Town of Brody in Lviv Region

Keywords: glass production in hutas, glass finds, Brody, huta glass, glass produced items

Abstract

The paper is devoted to glass finds discovered in autumn 2020 during archeological excavations in the town of Brody in Lviv region, conducted by the Rescue Archaeological Service with the involvement of employees of the Brody Museum of History and District Ethnography. It is stated that the glassware found at two different locations – Vesela street and Rynok square – is of huta origin. Such a conclusion is made based on the presence of peculiar air bubbles in the glass melt, which is a characteristic feature of glass produced in forest hutas. After all, it was impossible to get a temperature of more than 1450°C in such hutas.

Glass finds from Vesela street come from two objects – a cellar pit and a ditch. From the first one, mostly the bottles come, which is quite natural. Among the typical cylindrical and pharmacy bottles, there are three made of transparent glass, the bottom of which has a curved convex shape. The author of the paper has not seen such bottles before. The ditch is also rich in various bottles – pharmacy, cylindrical, flat, and shtof-bottles. At the same time, there are some tankards there typical for that time.

At the site of the Rynok square, the ratio of glass finds of the 17th – 18th centuries differs – the drinking vessels dominate here – tankards, glasses, and goblets. Among the containers for storage, there are many fragments of large glass bottles. In fact, the finds from the Rynok square are closely connected – the vessels out of which the alcohol is poured, and the vessels out of which it is drunk. These finds once again confirm that the Rynok square was the center of urban life.

Most of the vessels found in Brody are typical of their time glass vessels. However, in addition to the above-mentioned bottles with a convex bottom, there are also two fragments of the so-called double-handled tankards. Such finds are quite rare. Only a few of their analogues are known: from Pidhirtsi, Lviv, Olesk, and Unev. Taking into account that in Pidhirtsi there was a glass huta in the 18th century, finds from Brody might well be produced by its artisans.

Also, a unique find from the Rynok square is a half of a glass gallo – a ball designed for ironing seams and edges of shirts. A similar find has been recently discovered during excavations in Khmelnytskyi.

Thus, the glass finds discovered in Brody represent the main forms and types of huta glass produced items of the 17th –  the middle of the 19th century. Some of them allow to get extra information on the products assortment of contemporary hutas and can serve as an analogy for dating similar finds. The analysis and introduction of Brody glass into scientific circulation allows for a much better understanding of everyday life and household activities of the urban community.

References

Baiuk, V. (2011). Sporuda kozatskoho chasu z Volyni (sproba atrybutsii) [Construction of the Cossack time from Volyn (attempt at attribution)]. Novi doslidzhennia pamiatok kozatskoi doby v Ukraini, Vol. 20 (1), 162-167 [in Ukrainian].

Brody (2017). Miska abetka: dovidnyk [Brody. City alphabet: reference book]. Lviv: PP «Vydavnytstvo «BONA» [in Ukrainian].

Hupalo, V. & Losyk, M. (2009). Skliani vyroby iz rozkopok u kolyshniomu bernardynskomu kosteli v Dubni [Glass products from excavations in the former Bernardine church in Dubno]. Materialy i doslidzhennia z arkheolohii Prykarpattia i Volyni, 13, 263-275 [in Ukrainian].

Zakhariev, V. (2021). Kontseptualni rezultaty arkheolohichnoho nahliadu za vedenniam zemlianykh robit u davnii chastyni m. Khmelnytskoho 2020 r. [Conceptual results of archaeological supervision of earthworks in the ancient part of Khmelnytsky 2020]. In Arkheolohiia & Fortyfikatsiia Ukrainy, (pp. 142-147). Kamianets-Podilskyi: FOP Buinytskyi O.A. [in Ukrainian].

Kalynychenko, L. (1947). Hutne sklo na Ukraini (Korotkyi narys) [Hutta glass in Ukraine (Short essay)]. In Mystetstvo, folklor, etnohrafiia (pp. 38-53). Kyiv: Vyd. AN URSR [in Ukrainian].

Koval, V. (2009). Eshche raz o stekliannoi posude. Soobshchenie [Once again about glassware. Message]. Novi doslidzhennia pamiatok kozatskoi doby v Ukraini, 18, 97-98 [in Russian].

Koval, V. (2002). Slovo o butylke (popytka istoricheskogo issledovaniia) [A word about the bottle (an attempt at historical research)]. Novi doslidzhennia pamiatok kozatskoi doby v Ukraini, 11, 74-81 [in Russian].

Kurdyna, Yu. (2018). Hutne sklo z Pidhirtsiv u fondakh Istoryko-kraieznavchoho muzeiu m. Vynnyky [Hutta glass from Pidhirtsi in the funds of the Historical Museum of Vynnyky]. Naukovi zapysky Ternopilskoho natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni Volodymyra Hnatiuka. Seriia: Istoriia, 2 (1), 3-11 [in Ukrainian].

Kurdyna, Yu. (2015). Osoblyvosti lokalizatsii hut na Prykarpatti, Volyni ta Zakarpatti (ostannia tretyna XV – persha polovyna XIX st.) [Peculiarities of hutta localization in Subcarpathia, Volyn and Transcarpathia (last third of XV – first half of XIX century)]. Naukovi zapysky Ternopilskoho natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni Volodymyra Hnatiuka. Seriia: Istoriia, 2 (1), 42-47 [in Ukrainian].

Martyniuk, S. (2004). Davnie sklo v Ukraini [Ancient glass in Ukraine]. In Sklo Ukrainy (pp. 176-196). Kyiv: Svit uspikhu [in Ukrainian].

Mykhailova, R. (2011). Sklorobne remeslo [Glass craft making]. In Istoriia ukrainskoho mystetstva, Vol. 3: Mystetstvo druhoi polovyny XVI-XVIII stolittia (p. 905). Kyiv: NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].

Petriakova, F. (1975). Ukrainske gutne sklo [Ukrainian hutta-glass]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukranian].

Rozhankivskyi, V. (1959). Ukrainske khudozhnie sklo [Ukrainian art-glass]. Kyiv: AN URSR [in Ukranian].

Rudyi, V., Kasiukhnych, V. & Vitvitska, H. (2003). Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia NDL-81 Lvivskoho universytetu na Stryishchyni v 2000-2001 rr. [Archaeological research of SRL-81 of Lviv University in Stryi region in 2000-2001]. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia Lvivskoho universytetu, 6, 16-37 [in Ukranian].

Svieshnikov, І. (1995). Sklo z mistsia bytvy pid Berestechkom [Glass from the battlefield near Berestechko]. In Sklo v Ukraini. Istoriia ta suchasnist: materialy naukovoi konferentsii (pp. 36-40). Lviv [in Ukranian].

Selivachov, М. (2006-2007). Do problematyky ukrainskoho narodnoho mystetstva pered XIX st. [To the problems of Ukrainian folk art to the XIX century]. Ukraina: kulturna spadshchyna, natsionalna svidomist, derzhavnist, 15, 392-399 [in Ukranian].

Sorochan, Ye. (2011). Ob izdeliiakh iz stekla kak predmete remesla i torgovli v Vizantii [About glass products as a handicraft and tradeswoman in Byzantium]. Aktualni problemy vitchyznianoi ta vsesvitnoi istorii, 14, 53-62 [in Russian].

Strilchuk, V. (14.10.2020). Znakhidky z Brodivskoho Rynku (poperednii ohliad doslidzhen) [Finds from Brody Rynek (preliminary review of research)]. URL: https://www.brodyhistory.org.ua/znahidky-z-brodivskogo-rynku-poperedniy-oglyad-doslidzhen/ [in Ukranian].

Yashchyshyn, Yo. (Ed.) (2011). Tekhnolohiia skla: navchalnyi pidruchnyk (dlia studentiv vuziv). Chastyna III: Tekhnolohiia sklianykh vyrobiv [Glass technology: a textbook (for university students). Part III: Technology of glassware]. Lviv: «Rastr-7» [in Ukranian].

Published
31.12.2021
How to Cite
KurdynaY. (2021). Glass Finds from Town of Brody in Lviv Region. Eminak: Scientific Quarterly Journal, (4(36), 9-28. https://doi.org/10.33782/eminak2021.4(36).553
Section
Archaelogy