The Main Areas of the State of Israel Politics of Memory Research in Modern Historical Studies
The main areas of modern historical researches, the subject of which is the formation and implementation of the politics of memory of the State of Israel are analyzed in the paper. The paper deals with the works of both foreign and Ukrainian authors. Due to the peculiarities of the subject of research, considerable attention is paid to the works of Israeli historians. The works devoted to the origins of the Israeli politics of memory are analyzed separately. They show the formation of the politics of memory and highlight the main matters, events of the history of the State of Israel and the views of various scholars on the formation of the so-called nationwide narrative – the interpretation of the events in Israeli history. The majority of works devoted to this problem belong to Israeli researchers. Some historical facts of the formation of Israel’s politics of memory can also be found in the research works of Swedish and German researchers.
The areas of contemporary historical researches on the politics of memory of the State of Israel are divided according to the studies of certain displays of politics of memory in the life of the state. Among them are the educational area, the area of interstate and international relations and the public area.
Researches in the field of education are represented by a series of works in which issues related to the Holocaust, Arab-Israeli conflicts and other memorable events in the textbooks on the history of Israel and in the field of secondary education in general are analyzed.
The area of interstate and international relations is also represented by a number of works of foreign authors, which analyze the influence of the politics of memory on the formation of relations between countries after the Second World War. The vast majority of researches are the works on Germany-Israel relations, as a special type of relationship, based on a nationwide sense of guilt on Germany’s part. There are also papers on the analysis of relations between Israel and the world community concerning the Holocaust and Arab-Israeli conflicts.
Another important field of research is the social sphere. The works devoted to the question of the influence of the politics of memory on society as a whole, reveal the mechanisms of implementing the politics of memory into society and the essence of commemorative events within the Israeli community, as a result of the implementation of this politics. The perception of the past events as a part of the politics of memory on media materials in contemporary Israeli society is also analyzed.
Thus, the politics of memory of the State of Israel is represented by various spheres of research: educational sphere, sphere of interstate and international relations, social sphere. Separately, the researches on the formation of the Israeli politics of memory should be mentioned. However, there is still no logically structured research, which would have thoroughly analyzed and unite these spheres.
The objective of the research was to provide a thorough analysis of the existing historical researches on the politics of memory of the State of Israel for further research of this issue. Historical research on Israel’s politics of memory was divided into spheres according to the criterion of research in modern historical studies of various aspects of the politics of memory implementation into the state spheres: the sphere of education, the sphere of international relations and the public sphere.
Мужиковская В.Р., Амиров В.М. Трагедия Холокоста и зарубежные русскоязычные еврейские СМИ: особенности современного осмысления. Политическая лингвистика. 2018. № 1 (67). С. 82-86.
Сурикова К. Память о Катастрофе: Яд Вашем и особенности коммеморации Голокоста в Израиле. 22.02.2017. // Гефтер. URL: http://gefter.ru/archive/21254
Ben-Natan A. Brücken Bauen – Aber Nicht Vergessen. 1st ed., Droste Vlg, 2005. 170 p.
Feldman L.G. History And Memory In German-Israeli Relations: Varieties Of Expression. AICGS. 2016. URL: https://www.aicgs.org/2016/05/history-and-memory-in-german-israeli-relations/
Gil I. Teaching the Shoah in History Classes in Israeli High Schools. Israel Studies. 2009. Vol. 14. № 2. P. 1-25.
Greenblum D. The Making of a Myth: The Story of Kfar Etzion in Religious Zionism 1948-1967. Israel Studies. 2016. Vol. 21. № 1. P. 132-156. DOI 10.2979/israelstudies.21.1.132
Haß M. The Politics Of Memory In Germany, Israel And The United States Of America. 2004. Canadian Centre for German and European Studies. URL: http://www.cceae.umontreal.ca/IMG/pdf/NDR_hass.pdf
Keynan I. The Memory of the Holocaust and Israel’s Attitude Toward War Trauma, 1948-1973: The Collective vs. the Individual. 2018. Israel Studies. Vol. 23. № 2. P. 95-117. DOI 10.2979/israelstudies.23.2.05
Lebel U. Politics of Memory: the Israeli Undergrounds Struggle for Inclusion in the National Pantheon and Military Commemoralization. Routledge, 2013. 282 p.
Ofer D. The Past That Does Not Pass: Israelis and Holocaust Memory. Israel Studies. 2009. Vol. 14. № 1. P. 1-35.
Ohana D. Kfar Etzion: The Community of Memory and the Myth of Return. Israel Studies. 2002. Vol. 7. P. 145-174.
Podeh E. History and Memory in the Israeli Educational System: The Portrayal of the Arab-Israeli Conflict in History Textbooks (1948-2000). History and Memory. 2000. Vol. 12. № 1. P. 65-100. DOI 10.1353/ham.2000.0005
Strömbom L. Revisiting The Past. Israeli Identity, Thick Recognition And Conflict Transformation. Doctoral Thesis (monograph) / Department of Political Science, Lund University, 2010. 257 p. URL: http://portal.research.lu.se/portal/en/publications/revisiting-the-past-israeli-identity-thick-recognition-and-conflict-transformation(a40a321b-9249-4fd4-af9e-00ae3e27a7cd).html
Roberman S. From Exclusion to Inclusion: Jewish WWII Soldiers in the Israeli National Narrative. Israel Studies. 2009. Vol. 14. № 2. P. 50-71. DOI 10.1353/is.0.0031
Sheffi N. Israeli Education System in Search of a Pantheon of Heroes, 1948-1967. Israel Studies. 2002. Vol. 7. № 2. P. 62-83. DOI 10.1353/is.2002.0017
Stein S. Germany-Israel Relations: Unique or Normal? Institute for National Security Studies. 2018. № 1030, March 7. URL: https://www.inss.org.il/publication/germany-israel-relations-unique-normal/
Tang N. The Holocaust In International Relations. 2014. Academia.Edu. URL: https://www.academia.edu/7525280/The_Holocaust_in_International_Relations_2014_
Ofer D. The Strength of Remembrance: Commemorating the Holocaust during the First Decade of Israel. Jewish Social Studies. 2000. Vol. 6. № 2. P. 24-55. DOI 10.1353/jss.2000.0004
Weitz Y. Political dimensions of Holocaust memory in Israel during the 1950s. Israel Affairs, The Shaping of Israeli Identity: Myth, Memory and Trauma. 1995. Vol. 1. № 3. P. 129-145. DOI 10.1080/13517129508719341
Zerubavel Y. The Death of Memory and the Memory of Death: Masada and the Holocaust as Historical Metaphors. Representations. 1994. № 45. P. 72-100. DOI 10.1525/rep.1922.214.171.124p0210j
Zweig R. Jewish Issues in Israeli Foreign Policy: Israeli-Austrian Relations in the 1950s. 2010. Israel Studies. Vol. 15. № 3. P. 47-60. DOI 10.2979/isr.2010.15.3.47